Optical fibers are used widely in medical area for diagnosing and consideration of a set of diseases. As optical fibers can be made extremely thin and turned into flexible coast, they can be used for an insert in blood vessels, easy and other parts of a body. Optical fibers allowed doctors to look and work in a body through tiny cuts with the tool named by Endoskop. Endoskop - the medical tool, made to bear two sheaves of optical fibers in one long pipe. One sheaf of optical fiber directs light on a studied fabric while other sheaf of optical fiber passes light reflected from a fabric, making the detailed image. Endoskop can be developed to study certain areas of a human body. For example, doctors can use optical fibers in Endoskop to investigate knees, shoulders and other joints in a body.
The arthroscopy (declared ahr THROS kuh wetting) is equipment of use of other medical tool called Arthroscope. This tool direct and similar to the cylinder with a series of lenses and optical sheaves of fiber which arrive to the sizes 1/12 to inch 1/5 (2-5 millimeters.) Arthroscope is used to investigate a joint in a body, such as knee joints, anklebones, elbows, hips and shoulders. It is made to Arthroscope entered into a joint of a body through a small cut. Light then is passed by means of optical fibers to Arthroscope tip to shine a joint. Use of optical fiber through Arthroscope allows the doctor to investigate completely a joint on the diagnosis or treatment.
The optical fibers used in Arthroscope, can be used to take temperature and another entirely
signs just as used in performance of operations. A problem which is considered usually by the Arthroscopy, the torn cartilage in a knee is. It - when the small cut is made in a joint for use of optical fiber in Arthroscope, and then the second cut is made for use of other surgical tools to remove a cartilage. The main advantage of use of optical fibers through Arthroscopic surgery consists that operation can be executed through the small cut bringing to the patient, feeling the smallest quantity of quantity of discomfort and healing time which is much shorter when in comparison with other methods of surgery.